Monday, January 20, 2020
Gangs are very dangerous to everyone in society. Ã¢â¬Å"Gangs are groups of people (mostly young males) who band together for protection and a sense of belonging. The U.S. Department of Justice officially defines a youth gang as a group of young people involved in criminal activityÃ¢â¬ (Gangs 1). There are about one million gang members in more than 20,00 criminally active gangs in the United States. Also, that group of about one million people, are accountable for up to eighty percent of our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s crimes. Since 2005, gangs have nationally added about 200,000 members (Targeting Gangs 1). This is why more action from the community needs to be taken to help with the growing gang-related crimes here in America. To start off, origins of gangs are unclear, but some researchers say that gangs came to America in the early 1800s. These first gangs were in New York and Philadelphia and members of these adult gangs were from the Irish, German, and Italian ethnic groups. Youth gangs did not start to form until after World War II (Opposing Viewpoints Gangs 109-110). Additionally, what kind of people are in gangs? Well first off, there are Latinos, which make up forty-nine percent of gang members'; African Americans, thirty-four percent; White, ten percent; Asian, six percent; and the other one percent is just the other category (Ã¢â¬Å"Facts About GangsÃ¢â¬ 109). Also in 1996, according to the National Youth Gang Survey, the members of gangs were fifty percent under eighteen years old and fifty percent were eighteen or older. In that survey during 2006, the number of juveniles dropped to only being thirty-six and a half percent of member, on the other hand, the percentage of adult gang members consisted of sixty-three and a half percent of the gang pop... ...members have, we need to make it possible for them to get these personal benefits without feeling that it is necessary to join a gang. Of course, it's not possible for us to make them be able to get fast money like some of them want (or need) but other things like a sense of belonging or companionship are possible. Knowing about these benefits will make it easier for everyone to be able help out in the stop of gangs. As one can see, it may never be possible that gangs and gang violence will be stopped, but with our help from the community in every city and town it is possible to stop and decrease the large number of gang members and gang-related crimes. Remembering that there are many possibilities for decreasing the population size of gangs in America; such as better alternatives to being in a gang, educational programs, and arrest some hard-core gang members.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Leadership entails a number of different parts and can come from any position in the school. The administration is the main source of leadership in a school. Generally, we associate school leadership with superintendents and principals. People in these positions are in charge of making decisions, which run the school. However, teachers can also provide leadership in their classroom and through activities and other extracurricular activities. Katzenmeyer and Moller (1996) argue Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦there is a sleeping giant of teacher leadership that can be a catalyst to push school reformÃ¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ Even students can provide leadership in certain situations such as an athletic teamÃ¢â¬â¢s captain, a point guard for a basketball team, or a class officer. With the many places leadership can occur, to have good school leadership, all people need to be willing to share responsibility and power. Lambert (1998) argues, Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership requires the redistribution of power and authority.Ã¢â¬ This distribution of power can lead to trust between staff and administration. This trust emerges when administrators and teachers work together to benefit the school. Trust comes about by principals trusting the judgment of teachers in the classroom and backing teachers on issues such as discipline. So that the teachersÃ¢â¬â¢ authority is not undermined, discipline must be consistent and not show favoritism toward any student. Teachers, in turn, must trust that the principal will follow through on all rules and not make exceptions for the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"starÃ¢â¬ athlete or Ã¢â¬Å"smartestÃ¢â¬ student. This trust is also part of a type of leadership theory called transformational leadership. Bass (1996) says that trust is a key component of idealized influence, which incorporates faith and respect, dedication, and trust into leadership. Trust is an important aspect of leadership. With the trust between leader and follower, good school leadership will also have excellent communication. Smith, who can be found in Bean (2000), argues that communicating and keeping people informed of changes and events is a key part of effective leadership. People must discuss problems and possible solutions with each other. By not doing this, the problems will continue and the organization will fall into disarray. For example, let us look at a basketball team. If the opposing team is playing man-to-man defense, it will do the offense little good to run plays designed to attack a zone defense. Here is where the coach or offensive players must talk to each other and run the correct plays. Furthermore, we see the importance of communication from Yukl (1998). He states Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership is about creating teamwork, collaboration, communication, and the emphasis on a total group effort.Ã¢â¬ By communicating concerns, teachers can make administrators aware of potentially school harming actions and can put a stop to these before they go too far. One example of this would be the last month of school in my school district. Due to the hot weather, students begin use squirt guns and balloons to spray each other with water. With graduation and other senior activities to organize, the principal is not in the hallways as much as previous months. Therefore, the teachers need to let the principal know this is beginning so penalties can be determined and readily enforced. This can cut down on water damage of the school and the students can continue to stay focused on school. One aspect of effective leadership that needs to be communicated to all associated with the school district is the vision of where the school is and where it needs to go. Goleman (1995) argues that Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦leader can be expected to communicate a vision wellÃ¢â¬ ¦generate energy and enthusiasm regarding this vision, epitomize its meaning through the example of personal behavior, and generally inspire others to reach this visionÃ¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ People need to be motivated to do a job, whether in school or in the work force. Vision gives people a goal and direction; giving them something to work for. Making people aware of the vision for the school will help parents, students, teachers, and administrators to be on the same page and working to achieve the vision together as a team. Daft (1999) states there are many pieces that visionary leadership can accomplish. These pieces include the linking of the present and future, encouraging commitment, providing meaning to work, encouraging imagination, and defining the destination. For example, if the vision of a sports team is to win, through strong dedication by players and coaches, winning will happen. If coaches can help athletes see the importance of practice and teamwork, there will be chemistry and success. With the vision of moving into the future, there comes problems and opposition. Another part of good school leadership is facing these problems and solving them. An effective way to work to solve problems is to form a group of people to suggest solutions for whatever problems occur. An excellent model to follow is suggested by Bean (2000) and is called POLCA: that is Planning, Organizing, Leading, Controlling, and Assessing. One problem a school district might face is incorporating the new Pennsylvania standards for education into the curriculum. My school district is in this process and work on this is set to begin in August 2000. Our superintendent started this process by carefully planning when to work on these changes. The mathematics and English departments were contacted to help work on these standards. These teachers were organized into groups by their subject area. Outside help was brought in. These parties had knowledge writing the standards for the state and helping other schools work the standards into the curriculum. These men lead the English and mathematics groups in the writing of our curriculum to include state mandates. After drafting standards and curriculum for the district, the work was checked for quality and improvements were made. Finally, the work was assessed and determined to be useful to the district. We can see that effective leadership is not easy. It takes hard work and tolerance from many different parities. Teachers, administrators, parents, and students all play a part in good school leadership. The administrators plan for the entire district, the teachers for the classroom. Parents and students help with support and may act in limited leadership roles. Effective leaders need to be able to distribute leadership to worthy parties and possibly divide it up to many individuals or groups. Effective leaders need to communicate and problem-solve. Having good social skills and having a good plan can make leadership easier and solving problems smoother. Lambert (1998) says Ã¢â¬Å"It [leadership] needs to be embedded in the school community as a whole.Ã¢â¬ It takes a team effort to have effective leadership in the school. We all need to work together and share the responsibility of being a leader. 1) A sense of purpose: The values of an organization must be clear, members of the organization should know them, and they should exemplify and uphold them in their own actions. 2) Justice: Everyone in an organization should be held to common standards, with rules and procedures that are clear, firm, fair, and consistent. 3) Temperance: A leader must strive to maintain a proper balance of emotions; Shriver did not mean that leaders should be dispassionate. Quite the contrary- but there are time for passionate advocacy and times for quiet reflection and reconsideration. Balance is the key. 4) Respect: The dignity of each individual is the concern of any leader, and this is preserved by treating all members of the organization with respect and ensuring they treat one-another similarly, regardless of differences. 5) Empowerment: Leaders are just that- leaders. Most of what happens in organizations is carried out by individuals other than those in formal leadership positions. Therefore, the more skilled they are, the more they feel confident in their abilities and competent to make decisions, raise questions, see new possibilities, and disagree respectfully with others at all levels of the organizational hierarchy, the stronger and more successful the organization will be. 6) Courage: Leaders are paid to set direction, not wait for direction to emerge. They have to be willing to follow their convictions and bring their organization to new places. In education, this is most sorely needed in response to the test-based regimen that has taken over our schools at the expense of true education and social-emotional and character development. 7) Deep Commitment: Leaders must not be polishing their resumes, but rather should have deep commitment to their organizations, the advancement of the organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ missions, and the wellbeing of everyone in them. It is this deep commitment that makes leadership in schools so challenging, because it requires a commitment to every employee, student, and parent. The performance of a leader must be judged by his or her skills and the character of his or her performance in the many and complex roles that leadership demands. Using the seven cornerstones of leading with character, derived from the life and work of Sargent Shriver, educators and those concerned with education have a tool for both evaluating and improving leadership competencies along both moral and performance dimensions.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Mulan is an animated film that was released in 1998 from Disney during third wave feminism, which features an Asian woman protagonist. She is a Disney princess, but at first glance you wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. Mulan is introduced as a clumsy tomboy who did not think she would ever bring honor to her family. In order to accomplish said honor, she would have to by being the perfect bride, in accordance with the matchmaker. The film has a great amount of feminist ideals, however, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t leave out stereotypical gender roles and several examples of overdetermined ideologies. Patriarchy is very prevalent in this film, from the woman characters positions, down to the songs they sing throughout the film, patriarchy is a theme that cannot be missed. This paper will discuss how feminine and masculine stereotypes are conveyed in the film, how gender stereotypes are portrayed, and of the patriarchal themes included in the film. In the beginning, Mulan is being prepared to be sent off to an establishment to uphold the family honor where she will be put through a series of test to make sure she is good enough to be a bride by the matchmaker. While she is being prepped, the seamstress and hair dresser (along with her mother and grandmother) start singing the song Ã¢â¬Å"Bring Honor To Us AllÃ¢â¬ . The upbeat tune supports the idea that the only way she could possibly bring honor to her family is by becoming a quiet, rule following servant with Ã¢â¬Å"good breeding, and a tiny waistÃ¢â¬ . Also, Ã¢â¬Å"To make a goodShow MoreRelatedThe Movie Mulan 1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMulan is a feature-length, animated film, released for distribution by Walt Disney Studios in 1998. Mulan was the ninth film released during the renaissance period of Disney film-making. Mulan was an adaptation of an age-old Chinese ballad detailing the life of a Chinese girl who chooses to assume the male gender in order to save her fat her from having to be conscripted into the Chinese Army. For the most part, Mulan was well received by the theatre going public, garnering over three hundred millionRead MoreMovie Review Of Mulan 761 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTyra Banks Mrs. Shields ENGL 101-38 17 September 2017 Film Review: Mulan An animated Disney movie called Mulan, was directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook in 1998. The moral of the story is that women can be just the same as men can. I support the general meaning of the movie. I believe men that and women should be treated equally and that women should not be seen as weak or frail. Women are more than just wives or slaves and can-do jobs that have traditionally been set-aside for men. They canRead MoreMovie Analysis : Mulan s Mulan 1876 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesenjoying these plot twisting, mesmerizing and incredible creations is the hidden and indirect messages. The film Mulan, which was produced in 1998, may seem like a movie that simply demonstrates a young Chinese women going to war for her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s sake and coming home as a successful female hero, when in fact, it portrays much more. Underneath the storyline and general message of the movie, Mulan constructs the identities of young, Chinese, middle class women as always needing to be in a hete rosexual relationshipRead MoreMovie Analysis : Mulan 2008 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesApril 2017 Film Analysis-Mulan Little girls everywhere spend their childhoods watching the princesses portrayed in Disney movies, dreaming about the day they too will meet their prince charming. They see how Sleeping Beauty is woken up by a prince, Cinderella marries a prince, Sleeping Beauty turns a beast into a prince, and countless other instances of a girl just like them meeting their perfect man. Disney is infamous for their outdated illustration of gender roles. Mulan is one of the first DisneyRead MoreMulan, By Tony Bancroft And Barry Cook1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Mulan is Disney animation about a story with a strong woman protagonist, who is Fa Mulan, directed by Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook in 1998. The film is based on Chinese legendary story of Hua Mulan. Overall of the film shows Chinese Confucian and traditional values with unique regulation, culture, and traditional system in their society. According to diegetic elements of Mulan which is defined as elements that consists of events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds in the story, the mainRead MoreMulan Sexism Analysis1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMulan Is Sexist Disney movies feature female characters in a variety of roles, from a damsel in distress needing a manÃ¢â¬â¢s help to a woman who becomes her own hero. Mulan is one Disney character who has a seemingly feminist role. The movie features an unordinary girl who is meant to bring honor to her family by being the perfect woman for a man to marry. However, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not who she truly is. When her father gets summoned to serve in the military, Mulan poses as a man and takes his place. She trainsRead MoreGender Representation Of Female Gender Roles Affect Society Through Social Oppression Of The Minority Group1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Despite what seems to be positive empowerment of females alike, Mulan in fact does not encourage the individual empowerment of women through separation of traditional gender stereotypes. In fact, Mulan emphasizes the roles between binary genders that ensure privilege of men over women. Additionally, the film shows how such stereotypical gender rol es affect society through social oppression of the minority group. Throughout the film, it is obvious that, although it is possible to have genderRead MoreMul The American Comedy And Action Film Produced By Walt Disney978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMulan is a 1998 American comedy and action film produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios featuring animations based on the Chinese legend of Hula Mulan. During the invasion by the Huns, the emperor of China asks for one man from each family to join the Chinese army. In order to save Mulan disable father from getting drafted, she secretly goes in his place and becomes one of ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest heros. All though having her identity revealed, Mulan is still manages to defeat the Huns and restore herRead MoreMulan1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHayden Ikerd Mr. Wheeler AP Literature 12 April, 2013 Thomas FosterÃ¢â¬â¢s Themes Traced in Mulan In his book How to Read Literature Like a Professor, Thomas Foster explains many reoccurring themes in literature, and shows how to recognize them and in some instances shows certain works where they occur. By reading this guide to literature, one may gain a deeper understanding of the work itself and of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s intent in writing it. However, FosterÃ¢â¬â¢s methods can also be applied to films. A filmRead MoreDoes Mulan Overthrow Oppressive Gender Norms?1308 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhilosophy Final Paper Does Mulan overthrow oppressive gender norms? In 1990, a novel was written by philosopher Judith Butler titled Gender Trouble. The importance of this novel was evident as it was a very controversial yet interesting analysis of the way we humans look at the topic of gender and sex. She explains throughout the book that our gender norms have been created by our ancestors and society. To many, crossing this boundary set by society is very deviant. Eight years after Gender
Friday, December 27, 2019
Bullying in the Workplace Workplace bullying is becoming a more visual and talked-about concern in the business world, and finding ways to deal with the problem of bullying is an issue that needs to be addressed. In a survey of European Union employees, an illness that was rooted in stress was reported in 28% of employees (Rayner et. al. 8). According to Rayner, bullying may account for much of this workplace anxiety. My co-workers and I were victims of a workplace bully. This behavior included taunts, insults, which escalated to threatening signs posted to co-workers and verbal threats to management. The department managers did nothing to rectify the situation or adjust her behavior. The topic of difficult employees and workplace bullying is of great interest to me after experiencing it firsthand. I work for the federal government, and they have policies and that could have properly dealt with the situation, but management failed to execute their own regulations. Workplace bu llying is defined as unwanted behavior, verbal or physical, that is viewed as offensive, embarrassing, or objectionable to the recipient. It can also be interpreted as the misuse of power to intimidate somebody in a way which leaves them feeling hurt, angry, vulnerable, or powerless (Rayner 8). This can be anything from being given an unmanageable workload and unreasonable work deadlines from management, or screaming, threats of violence, or being the victim of gossip, to theShow MoreRelatedClassroom Management Reflection Paper1171 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfor each child in order to maintain order in the classroom. Miss L has a variety of students with different learning needs. Some students are nonverbal and others dont understand rules the same way as the average student would. When I asked her about some of the management strategy that she uses with her students she mentioned that she use a slightly different management strategies with all of her students. A strategy that she consistently uses is a thing called a dojo. Each of the students catRead MoreUnit 1 - Communication and Professional Relationships with Children, Young People and Adults4274 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesthoughts and ideas and helps to test their understanding. How, why and what questions encourage the pupil to respond with more than a one word answer. It is important that pupils are encouraged to ask questions and not to become anxious if they do not understand a particular subject. Pupils should be encouraged to feel confident to ask questions and not to be worried about asking. Behaviour Pupils will tend to learn behaviour from adults. It is therefore important to display the right behaviourRead MoreCellphones Can Do More Harm Than Good4035 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesTeenager Social Interaction Bar GraphÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.10 Texting and Literacy TablesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...13-18 2 Introduction: Cell phones are becoming a modern day necessity, to the point where they are a must have for every teenager and adult. Human beings are growing increasingly attached to these devices, depending on them more and more for their communications with other people, job duties, and other daily activities that they must accomplish. One way that we are taking advantage of cellRead MoreFS 1 portfolio10152 Words Ã |Ã 41 Pagesobservation of their respective classroom, to Sister Yumi who served as my partner in our observation, and to Mrs. Terencia Arnejo to develop the insights and experience that in fuse the content of this book. II. PREFACE Field study (FS) 1 talks about observation. Observation is an effective means of learning how to be competent teachers and it I done before actual teaching. The pre- service teacher has to determine whether school environment is conducive to learning because it is a major factorRead MoreChild Development 1-199854 Words Ã |Ã 40 Pagesbasic instructions. * Uses some letters in the alphabet in vocalisation. Communication in the childÃ¢â¬â¢s first year is based more upon sounds than words. This also means listening and interpreting what happens around them. They begin to understand and attempt to say familiar words, although it is largely dependent upon the child when they begin to communicate to a more advanced level. Moral Within the first year moral development isnÃ¢â¬â¢t really a factor. Whilst the child understands and reactsRead MoreWireless Technology Essay16392 Words Ã |Ã 66 PagesWireless Technology 30 Legal Concerns Related to the Development of Wireless Technology 31 Economics in Relation to Wireless Technology 33 Psychological considerations and sociological effects 43 Personal Communication 43 Emotional Disconnect 45 Worldly Effects 50 Media Influence 51 Impact on Education 52 Impact on USA 54 Environmental Implications 55 Implications for Wireless Technology 56 Wireless Waste 56 Analysis 59 Health Concerns 59 Moral and Ethical ImplicationsRead MoreHealth and Social Care Essay14559 Words Ã |Ã 59 Pages | |5. Understand how issues of public concern may |Identify occasions where the public have raised concerns regarding issues| |affect the image and delivery of services in the |within the sector | |sector |Outline different viewpoints around an issue of public concern relevant | | |to the sectorRead MoreDISSERTATION21474 Words Ã |Ã 86 Pagesraise studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation 17 1. 7. 2. Advantages 18 1. 7. 3. Disadvantages 19 Summary 20 Chapter 2 Reasons for using A M to learn/teach vocabulary in the ESL classroom 2. 1. Reasons 21 2. 2. Why do young adults learn more vocabulary with A M activities? 22 2. 3. A M offer alternatives for different learning styles 23 2. 4. A M offer teachers different teaching approaches 24 2. 5. To help learners learn how to learn 25 2. 6. To motivate learners in theirRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management72324 Words Ã |Ã 290 Pagesdescribe the benefits of designing and implementing a human resource strategy When you have completed this study unit you will be able to: Ã¯ ¬ Describe and explain a human resource strategy Ã¢â¬â i.e. a set of principles and values governing expectations about the role of people as contributors to organisational effectiveness Distinguish human resource strategy from managing people , and enforcement of legal/ethical compliance Describe and explain the place of a human resource strategy in the organisationRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesBehavior 22 Coming Attractions: Developing an OB Model 23 An Overview 23 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Inputs 24 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Processes 25 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Outcomes 25 Summary and Implications for Managers 30 S A L Self-Assessment Library How Much Do I Know About Organizational Behavior? 4 Myth or Science? Ã¢â¬Å"Most Acts of Workplace Bullying Are Men Attacking WomenÃ¢â¬ 12 An Ethical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational Practices? 30 Point/Counterpoint Lost in Translation? 31 Questions for Review
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Critical Evaluation of an Academic Source Odetta Rodriguez Capella University Critical Evaluation of an Academic Source This paper is a summary of critical evaluation of the suitability of an article as an academic source. The title of the article is Critical Thinking: An Extended Definition. The author, Professor Ken Petress, analyzes various definitions of critical thinking and provides his definition of the concept as well. It is vitally important when performing research on a topic that we completely understand the topic and that we can apply certain tests or questions to the topic in order to determine its relevance and validity. Checklist for Critical Evaluation TheÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Conceptual Foundation What are the main concepts presented in the article? What information is the author using, and what is its relationship to the main issue? Does the information used appear relevant, significant, valid, and sufficient for the conclusions being drawn? Do you have enough information to determine whether the information is relevant, significant, and valid? The main concepts presented in the article are the varying definitions of each author on the concept of critical thinking. The information the author uses are definitions which are the opinions of varied authors and are similar in foundation in that to apply critical thinking one must be able to identify a problem, pose a question(s), provide valid supporting evidence, and come to a conclusion. Although the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s definitions do not identify a problem, questions, evidence, or conclusions, the relationship Petress (2004) shows is that the reader must apply this process themselves as it is not always given. The information used does appear to be relevant, significant, and valid. The references the author listed does provide enough information for me to come to this conclusion. Since this work is a literature review and not a case study, numerical data are not necessary to determine validity of the information. AuthorsShow MoreRelatedEvaluation Of A Critical Thinking1968 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTotal word count :1,946 Introduction Generally, critical thinking mentions to going on a subject matter extremely intensely that should aid to seize out genuine data concerning the enumerated subject. So, it can additionally be said that critical thinking is established on the assumption whereas precise believed, logic, believed or believed is grasped out. Cohen et al. (1996) gave the believed of critical thinking to tackle the subjects of tunnel vision and data bias delineated inRead MoreCritical Thinking and Evaluation of Sources1038 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCritical Thinking and Evaluation of Sources Critical thinking is learning to think for yourself and to develop your own independent opinions, backed by sound reasoning and support. It is learning to drop the role of passive student and to assume the role of a self reliant thinker and researcher. Critical thinking enters into important decisions in your daily life and affects your growth process in school and work. The term critical thinking describes the deliberate thinking that helps you to decideRead MoreSteps Of Critical Thinking : Identification, Decision Making, Evaluation, And Reflection1305 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages, if not most, have heard of the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"use your critical thinking skillsÃ¢â¬ but probably never truly understood what that meant and what it entails. There are seven steps that are used in critical thinking: Identification, research, analysis, application, decision making, evaluation, and reflection. The first step in the critical thinking process is identification which means exactly what the first steps is: identifying the problem or issue. The second step is research which is researching what theRead MoreMethods of Evaluation and Critical Thinking653 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe overall activity was very interesting in regards to my personal methods of evaluation and critical thinking. Each image was unique as I often applied my own personal knowledge and experience the overall interpretation of the picture. To begin, as I viewed the first picture, I scanned it for familiar objects or activities. For instance, the first image showed a boat, a woman, and a horse. Through this observation, I determined that the women were working extremely hard in a particular professionRead MoreA Critical Evaluation Of Stacey s Contribution On Strategic Thinking1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThis paper aims to show a critical evaluation of StaceyÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution to strategic thinking and explain how it exists in my companyÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to strategic management. An understanding of strategic thinking is vital in understanding StaceyÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution. The study of strategic thinking can be traced as far back as to the 1960s. Early scholars viewed the term as a method of generating creative thoughts today that will benefit the entire organization tomorrow. It involves forecasting and makingRead MoreEvaluation Of Sources And Argumrnts On Developing Critical Thinking Skills860 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstudent, writing course is and has always been one of the most challenging courses. However, this class helped me to improve my writing skills. The work in this portfolio demonstrates that I have used methods of analysis and evaluation of sources and argumrnts to develop critical thinking skills. Though I have made some progress in appropriate documentation and essay oragnization areas, I have work to do to come to a full understanding of grammar, mechanics and sufficient content use in my essays . AtRead MoreEvaluation and Analysis: Two Main Aspects of Critical Thinking for Nurses723 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿It is always a challenge to cultivate critical thinking in any profession. It is, nevertheless, a vital component of creating a dynamic and effective workplace. This is particularly important in terms of nursing practice, since many situations in the hospital are dynamic and fluid, requiring critical thinking to ensure the optimal outcome for both nursing practice in general and the situation for patients in particular. To mentor a new nurse, one of the tools I think would work well is to debateRead MoreCritical Thinking And Core Self Reflective Learning1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCritical Thinking and Core Self Reflective Learning: A Personalised Perspective Bradley Graham ABSTRACT The application of critical thinking and self-evaluation is limitless as it can be applied to everything simply by answering the following questions: What did I do? How did I do it? How could I do it better? And what would I do differently in the future to improve? Because of this critical thinking and self-reflective learning is essential in the development of an individuals self and skillsRead MoreThe Critical Thinking Problems Plaguing Cobol And How They Can Be Solved1697 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract Critical thinking is essentially the process of analyzing and evaluating thinking in order to improve it. Success in critical thinking demands that leaders make reasoned decisions and adopt holistic perspectives. It also involves solving problems, deducing and inferring judgments, and being open to new approaches. Critical thinking is also the art of actively and technically conceptualizing, implementing, analyzing, processing and/or evaluating information generated through experience, reasoningRead MoreHealth And Health Development Of The Health Sector Essay1634 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages (III) APPLICATION IN CURRENT JOB Patients nutritional history is taken, weight check is done, height is measured and evaluation with the appropriate nutritional states as regards the age of the individual. (IV) USEFULNESS OF NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT IN CURRENT WORLD - Development of societies. - Key objective of progress in human development. - For good health and good nutritional status of the population. - To combat mild to serious learning disabilities which may result from malnourished child.
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Habitus and Space of Life Styles. Answer: Introduction It is seen that the social classes of the individuals have a long-lasting impact on the life experiences and future career related planning of the individuals. This is because, people from lower or middle class background do not have the access to various resources, and their exposure is minimum that restrains their preferences and thought process. On the other hand people hailing from higher social background get more exposure and have access to various resources. It can be said that people hailing from lower or middle class background does not have the opportunity to do so. A meta-analytical research can prove the effects of prophecies that are self-fulfilling in schools. the instructional planning performed by the parents or the teachers are intellectually oriented and that potentially help the individuals to take decisions in later phases of their lives and effectively channelize their thought process to take up or choose a profession in future. According to Pierre Bourdieu, it c an be said that what the individuals in the face in daily life practices, that eventually becomes their habit and that helps immensely to the career building of that person. References Bourdieu, P., 2018. Structures, habitus, practices. InRethinking the Subject(pp. 31-45). Routledge. Bourdieu, P., 2014. The habitus and the space of life-styles.The people, place, and space reader,139.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans breed other animals and plants for particular traits. Typically, strains that are selectively bred are domesticated, and the breeding is normally done by a professional breeder. Bred animals are known as breeds, while bred plants are known as varieties, cultigens, or cultivars. The cross of animals results in what is called a crossbreed, and crossbred plants are called hybrids. In animal breeding techniques such as inbreeding, linebreeding, and outcrossing are utilized. In plant breeding, similar methods are used. Charles Darwin discussed how selective breeding had been successful in producing change over time in his book, Origin of Species. The first chapter of the book discusses selective breeding and domestication of such animals as pigeons, cats, cattle, and dogs. Selective breeding was used by Darwin as a springboard to introduce the theory of natural selection, and to support it. The deliberate exploitation of selective breeding to produce desired results has become very common in agriculture and experimental biology. We will write a custom essay sample on Selective breeding or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Selective breeding can be unintentional, e.g. resulting from the process of human cultivation; and it may also produce unintended desirable or undesirable results. For example, in some grains, an increase in seed size may have resulted from certain ploughing practices rather than from the intentional selection of larger seeds. Most likely, there has been an interdependence between natural and artificial factors that have resulted in plant domestication. Selective breeding of both plants and animals has been practiced since early prehistory; key species such as wheat, rice, and dogs have been significantly different from their wild ancestors for millennia, and maize, which required especially large changes from teosinte, its wild form, was selectively bred in Mesoamerica. Selective breeding was practiced by the Romans. Treatises as much as 2,000 years old give advice on selecting animals for different purposes, and these ancient works cite still older authorities, such as Mago the Carthaginian. The notion of selective breeding was later expressed by the Persian Muslim polymath Abu Rayhan Biruni in the 11th century. He noted the idea in his book titled India, and gave various examples. The agriculturist selects his corn, letting grow as much as he requires, and tearing out the remainder. The forester leavesÃ those branches which he perceives to be excellent, whilst he cuts away all others. The bees kill those of their kind who only eat, but do not work in their beehive. Selective breeding was established as a scientific practice, by Robert Bakewell during the British Agricultural Revolution in the 18th century. Arguably, his most important breeding program was with sheep. Using native stock, he was able to quickly select for large, yet fine-boned sheep, with long, lustrous wool. The Lincoln Longwool was improved by Bakewell, and in turn the Lincoln was used to develop the subsequent breed, named the New (or Dishley) Leicester. It was hornless and had a square, meaty body with straight top lines. These sheep were exported widely, including to Australia and North America, and have contributed to numerous modern breeds, despite that fact that they fell quickly out of favor as market preferences in meat and textiles changed. Bloodlines of these original New Leicesters survive today as the English Leicester (or Leicester Longwool), which is primarily kept for wool production. Bakewell was also the first to breed cattle to be used primarily for beef. Previously, cattle were first and foremost kept for pulling ploughs as oxen, but he crossed long-horned heifers and a Westmoreland bull to eventually create the Dishley Longhorn. As more and more farmers followed his lead, farm animals increased dramatically in size and quality. In 1700, the average weight of a bull sold for slaughter was 370 pounds (168 kg). By 1786, that weight had more than doubled to 840 pounds (381 kg). However, after his death, the Dishley Longhorn was replaced with short-horn versions. He also bred the Improved Black Cart horse, which later became the Shire horse. Charles Darwin coined the term selective breeding; he was interested in the process as an illustration of his proposed wider process of natural selection. Darwin noted that many domesticated animals and plants had special properties that were developed by intentional animal and plant breeding from individuals that showed desirable characteristics, and discouraging the breeding of individuals with less desirable characteristics. Darwin used the term artificial selction twice in the 1859 first edition of his work On the Origin of Species, in Chapter IV: Natural Selection, and in Chapter VI: Difficulties on Theory Ã¢â¬â Slow though the process of selection may be, if feeble man can do much by his powers of artificial selection, I can see no limit to the amount of change, to the beauty and infinite complexity of theÃ co-adaptations between all organic beings, one with another and with their physical conditions of life, which may be effected in the long course of time by natures power of selection. We are profoundly ignorant of the causes producing slight and unimportant variations; and we are immediately made conscious of this by reflecting on the differences in the breeds of our domesticated animals in different countries,Ã¢â¬âmore especially in the less civilized countries where there has been but little artificial selection.